The Reality of Mass









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Physical Reality

About This Website




are arranged so as to sequentially introduce the fundamental concepts behind the proposed interpretation of physical reality and before progressing to apply them to various subjects. The most fundamental of those concepts are the definition of the fabric of space and the property of mass, which are explored briefly under the link the reality of mass. A link on that page then follows on to introduce a new hypothesis and subsequently a new theory of the atom - Theory I, gravity, and then electromagnetic waves. From then on it is possible to follow links to other subjects in any order under that theory. 


The intention behind this web site is to provide a platform through which a hypothesis and theories presented in the book 'Physical Reality', which forms the theme of this website, are explained interactively. The editor intends to utilise the versatility and fast accessibility to references offered by the internet, including the use of computer simulation to achieve that objective. Given the extent of the subject, which covers the entire spectrum of physics, the task is a significant undertaking. If you are interested in any of the topics and have any views or comments to make, we would be please to hear from you.

A common idiomatic says "It takes two to tango". But to be precise, it should say "It takes two and enough space to tango". Whether the tango is danced by people, by particles, by stars or by galaxies, the principle remains the same - space is always necessary to interact. This website explains how constituents of the fabric of space interact and how we, as conscious beings, perceive that interaction as matter, energy and time.


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Interactive Physics

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Science in the Press

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The Independent

The Telegraph

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Unsolved problems in:






Peter Higgs


Dark Energy

Dark Secrets

Empty Space

Particle Physics

Gravity & Extra Dims

The Standard Model


The two-slit experiment

What is reality?


How Time Works









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Published:  July 2011     Last Update:  August 01, 2014



A brief history of physics

Physics has developed through attempts to understand the nature of entities and events in the world. Such attempts always begin with a theory, and a theory requires a proof. To prove a theory there are two alternative methods. One method is through observation and experimentation and the other is through the use of logic, namely, mathematics. Each of the two methods has its advantages and its limitations. The limitations are not inherent in the methods themselves, but are a consequence of the limitations of the human mind. Applying the two methods to a theory compensates for some of the mind limitations. Therefore, It is only when a theory is tested using both methods that it can be confirmed as a working theory, because only then it is possible to practically verify what the theory logically predicts. However, even this dual track has not been successful in explaining the true nature of entities and events in the world. It only provides a means to attaining some degree of predictability.

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Physical Reality - a new perspective

Out there, beyond the bounds of one's consciousness, nothing exists except a continuum of homogeneous particles permeating the entire Universe. The motion of these particles is absolute as well as relative. This continuum of particles represents the space-time continuum. It defines the geometry of space and the speed at which events take place at any given locality and it is the source of all matter and energy.

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The nature of virtual reality

The basic elements of physical reality are homogeneous isotropic particles which permeate space forming the space-time continuum. These particles are not observable directly. Their existence can only be inferred through their interaction. This is not the result of their size or nature. Rather, it is a consequence of the physical nature of the human mind and the way in which it works. Therefore, to appreciate the reason behind our inability to directly detect those particles it is important to understand the principle on which the mind works. Fundamental to understanding how the human mind works is the realisation that all forms of matter are structures that are interconnected via the space-time continuum, and that where singularities (discontinuities) exist, there is no way of transmitting information across them.

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Topics on this website

1. The reality of mass

2. A new hypothesis

3. The atom - Theory I

4. Gravity

5. Electromagnetic waves

6. Why does E = 0.5mv2 ?

7. Why does E = mc2 ?

8. Quantum uncertainty

9. Magnetism

10. The Universe - Theory II

11. Matter & energy fields

12. Dark matter

13. Dark energy

14. Time ( to be published)



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European Organisation for Nuclear Research


Science Direct

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